After a high-profile escape from a minimum-security prison, I spent time in the state's minimum-, medium-, and maximum-security prisons to describe what life was like behind bars. Other stories about prisons as well.
Until the last days of his life, half of which he spent behind bars for killing a police officer, William “Lefty’’ Gilday insisted he never pulled the trigger.
Among the state’s most notorious criminals, Gilday led hundreds of police officers on a bullet-filled chase over a week in 1970, the largest manhunt in New England history.
He remained unapologetic until an interview in June, his last before he died last Saturday in a Boston hospital. At 82 and suffering from an advancing case of Parkinson’s disease, Gilday finally acknowledged responsibility for the slaying four decades ago of Boston patrolman Walter Schroeder, after whom the city named its police headquarters.
“I’m very much concerned about my failure to render a condolence,’’ he said during a Globe interview in a locked hospital room at a medium-security prison in Shirley. He also said he wanted to address one of the patrolman’s daughters: “I’m terribly sorry that her father got shot, and that on behalf of myself and other people concerned, I would ask them to accept my heartfelt condolences.’’
After spending the day curled up on the starchy sheets of a bed in the health unit of MCI-Shirley, the balding inmate sat up, straightened his pajamas, and donned a pair of thick prison-issued glasses. His words were labored, his hearing fading, his hands shaking as he recalled the day that led to his final arrest, after years of other crimes.
‘I wish we never would have gone to the bank that day.’
Still, he had a lucid memory of the morning of Sept. 23, 1970, when he helped a radical group from the Weather Underground rob a Brighton branch of the State Street Bank and Trust Co.
“I wish we never would have gone to the bank that day,’’ he said of the group’s failed effort to finance their movement against the Vietnam War.
He recalled the dismal haul - $26,585 - and the others who participated in the infamous robbery, including Stanley Bond, who died two years later, when a bomb he built to escape the maximum-security prison in Walpole detonated prematurely; Robert Valeri and Michael Fleisher, who both testified against Gilday and were released after serving short sentences; Susan Saxe, who was on the lam for five years before she was arrested and sentenced to seven years in prison; and Katherine Anne Power, who eluded authorities until 1993, when she turned herself in and served six years in prison.
When asked whether he would acknowledge his guilt in the shooting of Schroeder, who was responding to the robbery, Gilday took a long pause.
He said the copper-plated military-grade ammunition ricocheted off a brick wall before felling the police officer, who was considered a hero on the force for his bravery in responding to similar robberies. He said the officer was not targeted but hit accidentally, when Gilday and his fellow thieves decided it would be a good idea to fire a few shots at the bank to keep anyone from following them.
After another pause, he insisted he didn’t pull the trigger, pointing the finger at others in the group. But when asked if he felt at least partly responsible for Schroeder’s death, he bowed his head.
“Of course I do,’’ he said.
Schroeder’s relatives, reached a few weeks before Gilday’s death, said it was too late for any condolence.
Schroeder, who was 42 years old, had been a police officer for 19 years and was the father of nine children. His brother, John Schroeder, a detective on the force, was shot and killed in the line of duty three years later.
“I don’t care what he has to say,’’ said one of the officer’s daughters, Erin Schroeder, who became a Boston police detective, in an interview last month. “He’s never felt badly before. If he dies unhappy in jail, I’d be happy with that, especially if it was a long and painful death.’’
Other relatives did not return calls yesterday, and Erin Schroeder could not be reached.
Boston police and the Suffolk district attorney’s office declined to comment yesterday.
An aspiring baseball player from Amesbury, Gilday had a long criminal record before he shot Schroeder, with charges dating back to 1947 that include armed robbery, concealed weapons, and assault with a deadly weapon. In 1964 he was sentenced to serve up to 25 years for armed robbery. He served only five.
While in prison he met Bond, and the two enrolled in a university program for inmates. It didn’t take long before they got caught up in the radical politics of the era, and the two joined a group called Students for a Democratic Society and later the Weather Underground. They allegedly robbed other banks and led an assault on a National Guard armory in Newburyport.
Gilday ran in part because he thought he would not have survive his arrest.
Joe Hamel, 67, a news photographer for Channel 27 in Worcester at the time, witnessed Gilday’s capture and said the fugitive later thanked him for saving his life.
“He said he thought that if I wasn’t there taking pictures, they would have shot him,’’ Hamel said. “I think there was a good possibility that would have happened. Given the chase, if he had done anything stupid, I think he would have been well ventilated.’’
After Gilday’s arrest in Worcester and trial in Suffolk Superior Court in 1972, he was sentenced to death. But his life was spared by a US Supreme Court decision that overturned the death penalty nationwide.
Over his 41 years in prison, Gilday made a name for himself as a smart jailhouse lawyer.
US District Court Judge Nancy Gertner, who represented Saxe and knew Gilday, described him as an “enormously talented, very smart man.’’
“His life was a tragedy on many levels,’’ she said in a phone interview yesterday. “His talent was wasted.’’
Jim Pingeon, litigation director at the Massachusetts Correctional Legal Services, a nonprofit prisoners’ rights group, said Gilday helped reform the prison system with lawsuits against the state Department of Correction.
With mixed success, he fought the department’s practice of listening in on prisoners’ phone calls and opening their outgoing mail.
“He was definitely a leader among prisoners,’’ Pingeon said.
Steven Rappaport, a Lowell lawyer who worked as an advocate for prisoner rights in the 1970s, said he considered Gilday a friend who taught him a lot over the years. The two met when Gilday served as head of the MCI-Norfolk prisoner advocacy council.
“Often the clients trusted him more than their own lawyers,’’ Rappaport said. “I think he was a real force in helping inmates.’’
The last time he heard from Gilday was in May, when he received a letter in which the inmate complained about inadequate medical care.
In his hospital cell at MCI-Shirley, Gilday said he took pride in fighting the system and took his long years behind bars in stride.
When asked how he had survived for so long in such a difficult place - he was among the 17 percent of state prisoners serving a life sentence - Gilday said simply: “You get used to it. You make do the best you can. There’s no sense weeping about it.’’
He described the prison system as “a big machine’’ that “gets people and keeps them in.’’
His advice for surviving prison: “Don’t come in.’’